Nepal is wedged between China to the north and India to the south. Only small in length and breadth, in height it amazes. Four great rivers split Nepal into four main areas: vast plains in the south, the foothill jungle, fertile valleys in the midlands, and the inner Himalayas, with peaks of 6000 to 8848 metres.
The capital Kathmandu, positioned between the world’s tallest mountains and lowland tropical jungle, simultaneously embodies history and modernity. Its tightly packed centre preserves a world very different to the shanty towns, expensive hotels, restaurants and shops on the city’s outskirts.
The second largest city in the valley, Patan lies just across the Bagmati River, and is a much quieter place to visit. Bhaktapur is the most medieval of the three major cities in the Kathmandu Valley and, despite recent development, retains a timeless air with much of its architecture dating from the end of the 17th century. The city of Pokhara, near the base of the mountains, is an ideal place to gear up for, or recover from, a trek.
Nepal – People & History
The People in Nepal
Nepal has a population of about 27 million people from more than 101 ethnic groups, each coexisting peacefully with its own language, customs and rituals. While around 92 languages are spoken, the national language is Nepali, written in a distinctive Devanagari script. English is widely spoken and understood in Kathmandu.
Things to do in Nepal
Activities in Nepal
Most visitors head to Nepal for adventure travel. Rafting, kayaking and trekking are incredibly popular. Other activities include mountain biking, mountaineering, pony trekking and jungle safaris. Less strenuous pursuits include orchid tours, nature and culture tours.
Food and Entertainment
Nepal lies at the intersection of two of the world’s greatest gastronomic giants, India and China and, while their influence is evident, Nepalese food is quite different. A common dish, dal bhat tarkari, is a combination of lentil soup, rice and curried vegetables.