Although the population consists mainly of native Melanesians, most of the country’s population has been converted to Christianity over the years. Anglicans are a majority, followed by Roman Catholics, Baptists, Seventh Day Adventists and other sects of Protestants. There are small tribal populations that have stuck to their indigenous beliefs as well.
English is the official language however very few people in the country actually speak it. Melanesian pidgin is a widely spoken language, alongside with 120 other languages spoken by various tribes around the country.
The people of the country have a very rich culture steeped in tradition. What this also means is that you have to be careful not to disrespect them in any way, knowingly or unknowingly. A few things to keep in mind, do not take photos of people without permission, photos of religious and other places of cultural importance may be sensitive, so ensure it is alright before shooting them, customs vary from community to community, so ask about them and try to follow as much as you can and do not walk around wearing beachwear or bikinis, except within the hotel you are staying at.